"(A.) (C.) (HaskellKarl) (G.) (KarstenA.) (R.) (Palmer)" returned 25 hits

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Author: Claudius Ptolemy (c.85-c.165)
Map projections of a spherical earth and use of latitude and longitude to characterize position (first display of longitude)
Mediaitems: Ptolemy's world map, republished in 1482, Ptolemy portrait , Ptolemy world map description, with images, Ptolemy's world map, description and high-res image, Ptolemy history, The world according to Ptolemy
Category: Cartography
Author: Regnier Gemma-Frisius (1508-1555)
Description of how to determine mapping locations by triangulation, from similar triangles, and with use of angles w.r.t meridians
Mediaitems: Gemma Frisius at his desk surrounded by instruments and books, Image from Peter Apianius Cosmographia, edited by Gemma Frissius, Gemma-Frisius Diagram of triangulation, Cosmographia web site, Frisius biography
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Author: Tycho Brahe (1546-1601)
Improvements in instruments for accurately measuring positions of stars and planets, providing the most accurate catalog on which later discoveries (e.g., Kepler's laws) would be based
Mediaitems: Parallax diagram, Tycho Brahe's wall quadrant, Tycho Brahe portrait, Galileo project summary of Brahe, Tycho Brahe biography, Tycho Brahe "home page''
Category: Technology
Author: John Napier (1550-1617)
Invention of logarithms, and the first published tables of logarithms.
Mediaitems: Two pages from Napier's table of logarithms, Diagram of spherical triangles from, Napier portrait, Biography of Napier, Linear and logarithmic scales, English translation of John Napier : Mirifici Logarithmorum Canonis Descriptio...by Ian Bruce
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Author: William Petty (1623-1687)
Use of statistics for international comparisons, e.g., London vs. Rome and London vs. Paris, compared in people, housing, hospitals, etc.
Mediaitem: Petty portrait
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Author: Thomas Bayes (1702-1761)
Graph of the beta density
Mediaitems: Bayes portrait, Essay towards solving a problem in the doctrine of chances, Bayes biography by D. R. Bellhouse, Bayes' Graph of the beta density, Bayes biography
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Author: Joseph Priestley (1733-1804)
Historical timeline (life spans of 2,000 famous people, 1200 B.C. to 1750 A.D.), quantitative comparison by means of bars
Mediaitems: Priestley's specimen chart of biography, Priestley biography, Priestley portrait
Category: Cartography
Author: Charles de Fourcroy (1766-c.1810)
Use of geometric, proportional figures (squares) to compare demographic quantities by superposition, an early "tableau graphique''
Mediaitems: de Fourcroy's proportional squares, de Fourcroy's proportional squares, Description of de Fourcroy, from Palsky
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Authors: Pierre-François Verhulst (1804-1849)
Development of the logistic curve, $ y = k / (1 + C e^)$, to describe the growth of human populations
Mediaitems: Verhulst bio, Pierre-Francois Verhulst et la loi logistique de la population, Verhulst portrait
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Author: Josiah Willard Gibbs (1839-1903)
Graphical methods applied to explain fundamental relations in thermodynamics; this includes diagrams of entropy vs. temperature (where work or heat is proportional to area), and the first use of trilinear coordinates (graphs of (x,y,z) where x+y+z=constant)
Mediaitems: Gibbs, Elementary principles in statistical mechanics, Gibbs portrait, Plot on trilinear graph paper by R. A. Fisher, ca. 1955, Gibb's models, Gibbs biography
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Authors: Émile Cheysson (1836-1910)
First anamorphic maps, using a deformation of spatial size to show a quantitative variable (e.g., the decrease in time to travel from Paris to various places in France over 200 years)
Mediaitems: Cheysson portrait, Several concentric versions of France representing relative travel time, Cheysson's Biography, Anamorphic Maps
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Author: Ronald Aylmer Fisher (1890-1962)
Beginnings of the development of modern statistical theory (sampling distributions (1915), randomization, likelihood (1921), small sample theory, exact distributions, analysis of variance (1925), etc.)
Mediaitems: Fisher biography, with other links and portraits, R. A. Fisher portrait, Collected papers of R. A. Fisher
Category: Statistics & Graphics
Authors: A. C. Haskell & Karl G. Karsten & A. R. Palmer
Numerous textbooks on graphics, describing principles of graphical presentation of numerical information (published at a rate of about two each year), e.g.,